Nuclear Makes Historical Entry Into Energy Transition at COP28

Dubai. During the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP28) hosted by Dubai, the United Arab Emirates, countries made a historical call for accelerating the deployment of low-emission technologies, including nuclear energy, to aid in achieving rapid decarbonization.

Key highlights of the event include:

  • Close to two hundred countries, including Uganda, affirmed their commitment to transition away from fossil fuels and accelerate the adoption of low-emission technologies.
  • For the first time in the history of COP summits, the 198 signatory countries officially called for the acceleration of low-emission technologies, including nuclear energy, to achieve deep and rapid decarbonization.
  • The Global Stocktake, a final agreement assessing progress towards the goals of the Paris Agreement, highlighted the importance of nuclear energy alongside other renewable sources such as solar, wind, and hydro.
  • Uganda launched its Energy Transition Plan during COP28, outlining its net-zero ambitions and plans to peak energy-sector emissions by 2040. Uganda aims to have its first 2000-megawatt nuclear power plant operational by 2031.
  • More than 22 countries called for advancing the aspirational goal of tripling nuclear power capacity by 2050, underscoring the momentum behind nuclear energy as a clean and reliable source of electricity.
  • The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) emphasized the historic milestone of nuclear energy’s inclusion in the Global Stocktake, highlighting its potential contribution to climate change mitigation and sustainable development.
  • The IAEA projected a significant increase in installed nuclear capacity by 2050, with nuclear energy playing a crucial role in achieving net-zero carbon emissions.
  • Challenges such as secure supply chains and financing need to be addressed for nuclear power to fulfill its potential in achieving climate goals.
  • The announcement of the world’s first Nuclear Energy Summit in Brussels in March 2024, aimed at further building momentum behind nuclear power and addressing key challenges.

The decision to prioritize nuclear energy alongside other renewable sources marks a significant shift in the global energy transition debate, highlighting the growing recognition of nuclear power’s role in achieving climate objectives.

As countries continue to explore diverse energy sources to combat climate change, nuclear energy emerges as a vital component of the transition towards a sustainable and low-carbon future.

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